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India in 1700s October 18, 2006

Posted by PagMax in history, India, Maps.

The image “https://i1.wp.com/www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/historical/shepherd/india_shepherd_1923.jpg” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors.

The History “community” of orkut, of which I am a member, had this up for discussion. I just thought I would share it with wider public.
Its quite amusing to see the states and boundries with less known names. Its funny how spellings change with time; Nagpore, sikanderabad, Cutch, Carnatic, etc. and its also interesting how some spelling do not change with time; Madras, Calicut, Delhi, Indore, Jhansi, etc.!. My birth place Ujjain is mysteriously missing from the map. I would think being one of the oldest cities and first capital (I think, need reference) of India, its important enough to be included in there.  Region around Gujarat, ‘cutch’.  is also pretty interesting.

I will either update this post with more of my comments on the map or let that happen in the discussion section if there is indeed a ‘wider audience’ for this.

(Oh since there were couple of posts on firefox within our blogroll,
and people seem to be in love with FF, here is another reason for you
to love. If you are viewing a page in FF2.0 and use performancing for
blogging, then , you have “blog this page” option. This sure made it
easy as I didnt have to struggle with the downloading and uploading the
picture. )

Update: Picture did not make it well. So I had to manually link it to the source page. I do not know if there is a better way to do it. Its bit annoying that the picture is either too small in default or magnifies too large if we click on it.


A speech not delivered September 23, 2006

Posted by PagMax in history, moon, space.

I was watching a documentary on Apollo 11 mission and they mentioned an interesting fact which I confirmed later by google search.

The chances of Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin (I have had pleasure to see both of them from 10 feet distance!) returning back from the moon were 1 in 6. (The engine which cranks up the lunar module, failed five or six times before it worked during practice sessions and due to weight constraints, they had only one shot to make it work on the moon!).

So then Honorable president (Not so honorable after watergate scandal!), Richard Nixon asked his speech writer to prepare a speech in case of mishap.  of course, fortunately, the speech never had to be delivered.

What really amuses me is while these two guys were up risking their lives to create history, Nixon wanted to make sure his English sounds poetic enough if he has to deliver the bad news.

Here is the full text of the speech which I found on this website which has some other information as well.

Fate has ordained that the men who went to the moon to explore in peace will stay on the moon to rest in peace.

These brave men, Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin, know that there is no hope for their recovery. But they also know that there is hope for mankind in their sacrifice.

These two men are laying down their lives in mankind’s most noble goal: the search for truth and understanding.

They will be mourned by their families and friends; they will be mourned by their nation; they will be mourned by the people of the world; they will be mourned by a Mother Earth that dared send two of her sons into the unknown.

In their exploration, they stirred the people of the world to feel as one; in their sacrifice, they bind more tightly the brotherhood of man.

In ancient days, men looked at stars and saw their heroes in the constellations. In modern times, we do much the same, but our heroes are epic men of flesh and blood.

Others will follow, and surely find their way home. Man’s search will not be denied. But these men were the first, and they will remain the foremost in our hearts.

For every human being who looks up at the moon in the nights to come will know that there is some corner of another world that is forever mankind.

 Another interesting point is what if Nixon had to deliver this speech. How the history would have changed. Would NASA have just moved on to Apollo 12  to give it another shot or would they have just shut down the program. Looking at the history of NASA, may be they would have given it another shot.  However, Apollo-1, Challenger, Columbia disaster were different. Astronauts died almost immediately attempting to do which was already done before. This one, was attempting something which world has never seen before and was watching it live and you just leave two men up there to die of lack of oxygen or by suicide. A completely unprecedented example and I think NASA would have been under lot of pressure to shut the program for ever. In either case, the space development what we see today might  not have been the same.

BTW, I am sure you do know this but just in case, both Neil and Buzz are alive to this day!!